Conferencias Plenarias

  • 18 de Marzo de 2018

(P1) Exponential, Non-Exponential Splitting Methods and Their Applications for Solving Singular Reaction-Diffusion Equations

Dr. Qin Sheng, Department of Mathematics, Center for Astrophysics, Space Physics and Engineering Research (CASPER), Baylor University, Texas, USA.

Abstract: This talk consists of two interactive components. First, we will pay an attention to optimized classical splitting methods, such as the non-exponential ADI and exponential LOD methods, and explore their modernizations. Then we will focus at interesting issues involving the design and analysis of highly-effective and highly-efficient finite difference methods for solving singular reaction-diffusion equations which are fundamental in numerical combustion simulatyions. We will outline the physical background of the quenching phenomena anticipated. Adaptive splitting approaches will be introduced. Numerical analysis on their monotonicity, convergence and stability will be discussed. We will also present ideas of the latest exponential evolving grid development inspired by moving grid strategies which can be extended for solving multiphysics equations with similar singularities from studies of biomathematics, oil pipeline decay detections, cancer treatments, and laser-materials interactions. Certain stochastic inferences will be mentioned. Potentials of further investigations and collaborations will be discussed.

(P2) La optimización en algunos problemas inversos y de control

Dr. Hector Juárez, Universidad Autónoma de México, Iztapalapa

Resumen: En está charla se dará un panorama del estudio de los problemas inversos y control en algunos problemas de medio continuo modelados con ecuaciones diferenciales parciales y en uno discreto de flujo en redes. En todos los casos la optimización es una herramienta clave para la solución de los problemas mencionados. Se mostrará que la optimización cuadrática sigue siendo una herramienta importante para resolver problemas subdeterminados que aparecen en las áreas mencionadas anteriormente, sobre todo en problemas de gran escala, aunque es un tema de interés es explorar otros enfoques de programación.

(P3) Relaxation Techniques in Optimization and Control

Dr. Vadim Azhmyako, Universidad de Medellin

ABSTRACT: “Relaxing the initial problem” has various meanings in Applied Mathematics, depending on the areas where it is defined, depending also on what one relaxes (a functional, the underlying space, etc.). In the context of an Optimal Control Problem, when dealing with the minimization of an objective functional, the most common way of looking at relaxation is to consider the lower-semicontinuous hull of this functional determined on a convexification of the set of admissible controls. The concept of relaxed controls was introduced by L.C. Young in 1937 under the name of generalized curves and surfaces. It has been used extensively in the professional literature for the study of diverse Optimal Control problems. It is common knowledge that a real-world Optimal Control problem does not always have a (mathematical) solution. On the other hand, the corresponding relaxed problem has an optimal solution under some mild assumptions. In practice, this solution can be considered as a suitable approximation for the sophisticated initial problem. In the absence of the so-called “relaxation gap”, the generalized problem is of prime interest for the initial Optimal Control Problem. In this case, the minimal value of the objective functional in the initial problem coincides with the minimum of the objective functional in the relaxed problem. Therefore, in that situation, an adequately relaxed problem can be used as a theoretic fundament for adequate numerical solution algorithms for the initial problem. When solving Optimal Control Problems with ordinary differential equations, we deal with functions and systems which, except in very special cases, are to be replaced by numerically tractable approximations. In contrast to the conventional Optimal Control problems an effective implementation of adequate computational schemes for Hybrid / Switched systems optimization is predominantly based on the relaxed controls. Therefore, our aim is to consider the relaxations of the Hybrid and Switched Optimal Control problems in a close methodological relationship to the corresponding numerical methods and possible engineering applications.

Recall that various types of Hybrid and Switched control systems and the related Optimal Control problems have been comprehensively studied in the past several years due to their important engineering applications. Let us mention here some real-world applications from the mobile robot technology, intelligent automotive control, modern telecommunications, process control and data science. We first give an extensive overview of the existing (conventional and newly developed) relaxation techniques associated with the “conventional” systems described by ordinary differential equations. Next we construct a self-contained relaxation theory for Optimal Control processes governed by various types (sub-classes) of general Hybrid and Switched Systems. Note that due to the extreme complexity of Hybrid / Switched dynamic systems this “construction” is a challenging analytic and computational problem and cannot be considered as a simple “theory / facts transfers” from the conventional Optimal Control to hybrid and switched cases. Let us also note that the book we propose contains all mathematical tools that are necessary for an adequate understanding and using of the sophisticated relaxation techniques. All in all, this manuscript follows the “engineering” and “numerical” concepts. However, it can also be considered as a mathematical “compendium” that contains all the necessary formal results and some important algorithms related to the modern relaxation theory. This fact makes it possible to use this book in systems engineering (specifically in electrical- aerospace- and financial engineering) and in practical systems optimization.

(P4) Algorithm for some anomalously difussive hyperbolic systems in molecular dynamics: efficiency analysis and pattern formation

Jorge Eduardo Macias Díaz, Centro de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes

Abstract: Departing from a two-dimensional hyperbolic system that describes the interaction between some activator and inhibitor substances in chemical reactions, we investigate a general form of that model using a finite-difference approach. The model under investigation is a nonlinear system consisting of two coupled partial differential equations with generalized reaction terms. The presence of two-dimensional diffusive terms consisting of fractional operators of the Riesz type is considered here, using spatial differentiation orders in the set (0,1)U(1,2]. We impose initial conditions on a closed and bounded rectangle, and a finite-difference methodology based on the use of fractional centered differences is proposed. Among the most important results of this work, we prove the existence and the uniqueness of the solutions of the numerical method, and establish analytically the second-order consistency of our scheme. Moreover, the discrete energy method is employed to prove the stability and the quadratic convergence of the technique. Some numerical simulations obtained through our method show the appearance of Turing patterns and wave instabilities, in agreement with some reports found in the literature on superdiffusive hyperbolic activator-inhibitor systems. As a new application, we show that Turing patterns are also present in subdiffusive scenarios.

(P5) Conexión a datos del INEGI en línea

Angélica Valdivia, INEGI-Aguascalientes

Resumen: Exploraremos los bancos de datos que el INEGI ofrece a los usuarios para realizar consultas, análisis y descargas de información estadística y geográfica a través de las herramientas de visualización y servicios de datos disponibles en el Sitio del INEGI en Internet.

Conferencia Diego Bricio

  • 14 de Marzo de 2018


Dr. Faustino Sánchez Garduño, Departamento de Matemáticas, Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM

Resumen: Las manifestaciones de la vida se da a escalas espaciales y temporales que cubren un amplio espectro. Desde el micromundo, hasta comunidades; desde el origen de la vida hasta hoy, especies han desaparecido, otras han surgido. Mirar estos amplios abanicos desde la matemática ha implicado la introducción (y en algunos casos su desarrollo) de diferentes herramientas, conceptos y enfoques. En la plática, a través de ejemplos, se ilustrará cómo la matemática ha jugado un papel muy importante en los esfuerzos por explicar y entender el más maravilloso de los experimentos: la vida.

Conferencias Invitadas

  • 14 de Marzo de 2018

Modelos Híbridos para Series de Tiempo

Dr. Pedro Flores Pérez, UNISON

Resumen: En esta ponencia se presenta una nueva metodología para construir modelos de Series de Tiempo. Esta metodología construye los modelos en dos etapas. En la primera etapa se construye un modelo Autoregresivo para la Serie de Tiempo obtenido en base a Algoritmos Genéticos Autoadaptables. En la segunda etapa se procesan los errores y se construyen clases y para cada clase se obtiene un factor de mejora en el pronóstico. En caso de que las clases presenten un comportamiento histórico que tenga patrones se aplica el algoritmo 2G de reconocimiento de patrones (desarrollado por los autores) que permite predecir en que clase ocurrirá el error y al aplicar el factor de mejora del pronóstico se obtienen mejores valores para la predicción de la serie de tiempo. Estos nuevos modelos son exitosos para el pronóstico de variables que dependen del clima. Este trabajo se realizo en colaboración con la Dra. Guadalupe Cota Ortiz.